Flag with 20 stars and 13 stripes with the additional states of Tennessee,
Ohio, Louisiana, Indiana & Mississippi. The 13 stripes will now be
permanent. The Act of April 4, 1818 - provided for 13 stripes and one star for
each state, to be added to the flag on the 4th of July following the admission
of each new state.
1819: Flag with
21 stars with the additional state of Illinois.
Flag with 23 stars with the additional states of Alabama & Maine.
Flag with 24 stars with the additional state of Missouri.
Flag with 25 stars with the additional state of Arkansas.
Flag with 26 stars with the additional state of Michigan.
Flag with 27 stars with the additional state of Florida.
Flag with 28 stars with the additional state of Texas.
Flag with 29 stars with the additional state of Iowa.
Flag with 30 stars with the additional state of Wisconsin.
Flag with 31 stars with the additional state of California.
Flag with 32 stars with the additional state of Minnesota.
Flag with 33 stars with the additional state of Oregon.
Flag with 34 stars; with the additional state of Kansas. The first Confederate
Flag (Stars and Bars) adopted in Montgomery, Alabama
Flag with 35 stars with the additional state of West Virginia.
Flag with 36 stars with the additional state of Nevada.
Flag with 37 stars with the additional state of Nebraska.
1869: First flag on a postage stamp
Flag with 38 stars with the additional state of Colorado.
Flag with 43 stars with the additional states of North Dakota, South Dakota,
Montana, Washington & Idaho.
Flag with 44 stars with the additional state of Wyoming.
1892: "Pledge of Allegiance"
first published in a magazine called "The Youth's Companion."
Authorship was claimed for James B. Upham and Francis Bellamy. In 1939 the
United States Flag Association ruled that Bellamy was the author of the original
pledge. The words, "under God" were added on June 14, 1954. In
pledging allegiance to the flag, stand with the right hand over the heart or at
attention. Men remove their headdress. Persons in uniform give the military
salute. All pledge together: I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United
States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God,
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.
Flag with 45 stars with the additional state of Utah.
Flag with 46 stars with the additional state of Oklahoma
1909: Robert Peary places the flag his
wife sewed atop the North Pole. He left pieces of another flag along the way.
Flag with 48 stars with the additional states of New Mexico & Arizona.
Executive Order of President Taft dated June 24, 1912 - established proportions
of the flag and provided for arrangement of the stars in six horizontal rows of
eight each, a single point of each star to be upward.
1931: Congress officially recognizes
`The Star-Spangled Banner' as the national anthem of the United States . Its
stirring words were written by Francis Scott Key.
1945: The flag that flew over Pearl
Harbor on December 7, 1941, is flown over the White House on August 14, when the
Japanese accepted surrender terms.
1949: August 3 -- Truman signs bill
requesting the President call for Flag Day (June 14) observance each year by
Flag with 49 stars with the additional state of Alaska. Executive Order of
President Eisenhower dated January 3, 1959 - provided for the arrangement of the
stars in seven rows of seven stars each, staggered horizontally and vertically.
Executive Order of President Eisenhower dated August 21, 1959 - provided for the
arrangement of the stars in nine rows of stars staggered horizon tally and
eleven rows of stars staggered vertically.
Flag with 50 stars with the additional state of Hawaii.
1963: Flag placed on top of Mount
Everest by Barry Bishop.
1969: July 20 -- The American flag is
placed on the moon by Neil Armstrong.
1995: December 12 -- The Flag
Desecration Constitutional Amendment is narrowly defeated in the Senate. The
Amendment to the Constitution would make burning the flag a punishable crime.
United States flag law does not specify
the proportions of the flag. The proportions of 10:19, so often quoted, are the
product of an executive order of the president, and are actually binding only in
certain military uses. The United States government buys and uses flags in
several other proportions (2:3, 3:5, 5:8) for numerous civilian and military
applications. Private citizens are free to use their own judgment.
John Ayer, 6 February 1999
The proportions of the U.S. flag are
almost the same as those of British naval ensigns in the 1770's. They attained
this rather strange proportion because the table of sizes, issued by Samuel
Pepys, Secretary of the Admiralty in 1687, laid down that flags should be made a
yard long for every breadth of bewper (bunting) used in their construction. At
the time bewper was 22 inches wide, so 22 x 36 gave the excellent proportions of
11:18, which are the whole numbers, nearest to the "Golden Ratio" of 1
: 1.618. Later, bewper was woven in successively smaller widths, but the flags
were still made-up in yard lengths. Consequently the proportions changed from
11:18 in 1687 to 1:2 in 1837. In the 1770's bewper was 19 inches wide, so the
flags then had the proportions 19:36 or 9.5:18; very close to 10:19.
Note. The flags were actually made-up in half-breadths and half-yards, but the
explanation is simpler if given in whole units and doesn't affect the
David Prothero, 30 January 1999
The source for U.S. flag proportions is
actually Executive Order 10834.